Edward Hopper (1882-1967), Soir Bleu, 1914. Oil on canvas, Overall: 36 × 72in. (91.4 × 182.9cm). Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Josephine N. Hopper Bequest 70.1208. ©Heirs of Josephine N. Hopper, licensed by the Whitney Museum of American Art. © Photograph by Sheldan C. Collins
Transcript from Modern Life: Edward Hopper and His Time audio guide:
ADAM WEINBERG: Dr. Rick Brettell is a professor of Aesthetic Studies at the University of Texas, and has written extensively about Hopper in Paris. He considers Soir Bleu the single most ambitious painting of Edward Hopper’s career.
RICK BRETTELL: Soir Bleu is an odd painting for Hopper, because Hopper’s oil paintings of any sort of decent scale, up until Soir Bleu were generally landscapes or city scapes that were space positive and had tiny or nonexistent human figures. Soir Bleu is a figure painting. And it’s a figure painting that shows that Hopper had wanted to actually take on the big canvases of Matisse and Picasso. And the, even the title of Soir Bleu, which was, it is today and it was when was shown for the first time in 1915 in French. So he wants to make you think French and think of France. He doesn’t call it Blue Evening. He calls it Soir Bleu.
ADAM WEINBERG: Hopper depicts an odd assortment of people gathered under a tent at the end of a party. Among them: on the far left, a working-class man smoking a cigarette; in the center, a prostitute and a clown; and on the far right a bourgeois—or upper middle class—couple.
RICK BRETTELL: No one is like anybody else. Everybody is separated from everybody else. Hopper kind of translates it into an every man setting in which most of the people in it are part of a kind of world of alienated urban entertainment, in which one is always searching for a meaning somewhere else, in a costume or in a prostitute or in a drink or in a cigarette or in a party. And those sorts of worlds is the world that Hopper of course represents so importantly when he comes back to New York in 1910 and remains there until the end of his life.
References & Recommendations:
- Whitney Museum of American Art, Modern Life: Edward Hopper & His Time Audio Guide (Featuring Dr. Rick Brettell, introduced by Alice Brown, directed by Adam Weinberg)
- Whitney Museum of American Art: Hopper Drawing
- Whitney Museum of American Art: Edward Hopper’s Studies for Paintings
- Morgan Meis (2011), ‘The Hopper Question: Why the American Puzzles,’ The Smart Set from Drexel University