Hannah Höch (German, 1889-1978), Untitled, 1922. Crayon on paper. 16 x 20” (40.6 x 50.8 cm). The Riklis Collection of McCrory Corporation, Museum of Modern Art, New York NY, 898.1983. © 2013 Hannah Höch / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Germany.
Hannah Höch (1889-1978) documented Weimar Germany’s political and social turmoil through paintings, drawings, prints, and, most notably, photo-montages. Höch was born in Gotha, Germany and moved to Berlin in 1912 to study calligraphy, embroidery, wallpaper design, and graphic arts. With Raoul Hausmann, George Grosz, and others, Höch founded Berlin Dada. This international avant-garde movement was reacting to the horrors of World War I and brazenly rejected traditional art forms.
Although self-proclaimed radical thinkers and [theoretic] champions of women’s rights, Höch, as the only female Berlin Dadaist, was largely marginalized for her independent spirit, masculine dress, and bisexuality. Her photomontages often confronted gender issues, championing the “New Woman” who was empowered by the vote, sexually emancipated, and financially liberated.